Harar Jugol, the Fortified Historic Town
The fortified historic town of Harar is located in the eastern part of the country on a plateau with deep gorges surrounded by deserts and savannah. Harar Jugol, this wall was built between the 13th and 16th centuries. According to an article from UNESCO Jugol, is said to be the fourth holiest city of Islam , numbers 82 mosques, three of which date from the 10th century, and 102 shrines, but the townhouses with their exceptional interior design constitute the most spectacular part of Harar's cultural heritage . The impact of African and Islamic traditions on the development of the town's building types and urban layout make for its particular character and uniqueness.
Harar Jugol bears exceptional testimony to cultural traditions related to Islamic and African roots. Harar Jugol is also an outstanding example of a type of architectural and urban ensemble. Further more, Harar Jugol with its surrounding landscape is an outstanding example of a traditional human settlement.Harar Jugol became part of World Heritage Sites in 2006.